Building the Empire, Building the Nation: Development, Legitimacy, and Hydro-Politics in Sind, 1919-1969

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9780199068487: Building the Empire, Building the Nation: Development, Legitimacy, and Hydro-Politics in Sind, 1919-1969

European empires disintegrated during the twentieth century, leaving newly-formed postcolonial states in their wake. In this turbulent period, governments sought new political idioms to support their claims to legitimacy as modern states. In Sindh, a part of British India and (later) of Pakistan, the late colonial and early post-colonial states combined major attempts to control the natural environment with a serious engagement with representative politics in their bid for legitimacy. The construction of three barrage dams across the River Indus, along with a network of irrigation canals, enacted human control over nature as a political project; while the complicated relationship between bureaucracies and legislatures moved towards a democratic ideal after the First World War.

This book examines tensions between representative and developmental sources of state legitimacy. It argues that the democratic trend of constitutional changes during the middle of the century conflicted with the authoritarian economic imperatives of the barrage projects, which Sindh's rulers believed to be necessary for the projects' successful execution. The barrage projects were based on the concept, endorsed by British officials and their Pakistani successors, that material progress would bring prosperity and happiness to Sindh. Both the colonial and post-colonial governments capitalized on the projects' rhetorical potential, creating a discourse in which the modern state's unique ability to mobilize scientific expertise in the public good justified its rule.

This book argues that the late colonial and early postcolonial states had a great deal in common. It demonstrates this contention by highlighting similarities between the actions and rhetoric of governments before and after Partition in building and managing the barrage projects. The changing relationships between rulers, politicians and rural magnates between the 1920s and 1960s were intertwined with the rising idea that the state was responsible for promoting material progress, as well as the idea of extending political participation among Sindhis. Moreover, groups of Sindhi politicians appropriated discourses of science and development during the 1920s and 1930s, and used them to compete with the British-controlled state and with each other. This was the basis for the government's enthusiasm for development projects such as new barrages in early Pakistan, and ensured that contemporary development's state-centric tendencies remained strong.

Based on archival material gathered in Pakistan, India, the UK and the USA, the book fills a gap in historical writing on modern Sindh, particularly after Partition; and contributes to scholarship on the modern state (particularly in the South Asian context). It engages, too, with the rising field of environmental history, and emphasizes the politics of the exploitation of the natural world. The book provides a counterpoint to the trend in South Asian historiography over the last twenty years of focusing on identity politics and, more recently, the 'everyday state': instead, it asserts the continued importance of broader analysis of how modern states have engaged with large-scale infrastructural development in conjunction with constitutional change. It also explores, in a Pakistani context, themes that writers on India have raised in relation to dams and development.

Les informations fournies dans la section « Synopsis » peuvent faire référence à une autre édition de ce titre.

About the Author :


Daniel Haines is a British Academy Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Royal Holloway, University of London. He holds a PhD in History from the same institution. He has previously served as a Visiting Faculty Member at the National Institute of Pakistan Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad. He is currently working on a political history of water resources development in the Indus Basin, during and after Partition.

Les informations fournies dans la section « A propos du livre » peuvent faire référence à une autre édition de ce titre.

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Daniel Haines
Edité par Oxford University Press, Pakistan (2013)
ISBN 10 : 0199068488 ISBN 13 : 9780199068487
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Description du livre Oxford University Press, Pakistan, 2013. Hardcover. État : New. In the region of Sindh, both the late colonial and early post-colonial states combined major attempts to control the natural environment with a serious engagement with representative politics. Both the colonial and post-colonial governments capitalized on the heroic rhetorical potential of barrage irrigation projects, creating a discourse in which the modern state’s unique ability to mobilize scientific expertise in the public good justified its rule. This book shows how much the late colonial and early post-colonial states had in common. It reassesses Pakistan’s experience of independence in the longer context of the rising, often mutually-contradictory ideas that the state was responsible for promoting material progress and that political participation should be extended. These ideas both drove and responded to changing relationships between rulers, politicians, and rural magnates in Sindh between the 1920s and 1960s. The book thus examines tensions between representative and developmental sources of state legitimacy. Based on archival material gathered in Pakistan, India, UK, and USA, the book fills a gap in historical writing on modern Sindh and Pakistan. It provides a counterpoint to the trend in South Asian historiography over the last twenty years of focusing on identity politics. Instead, it asserts the continued importance of broader analysis of how modern states have engaged with large-scale infrastructural development in conjunction with constitutional change. ‘1947, the year of the independence of India and Pakistan, was a key date in South Asia’s history. But as Timothy Daniel Haines shows in this compelling study of the politics of irrigation in Sindh, a focus on the interplay between the state, the people, and the environment, requires that historians cross the line between the era of empire and the era of the nation-state. In studying the history of large-scale irrigation projects in Sindh—from the planning of the Sukkur Barrage in the 1920s through the politics of irrigation during the One Unit era of Ayub Khan’s time—Haines shows how technological control over nature, and the manipulation of images of technological control over nature, were central to shaping both the legitimacy of the state and the structure of politics that defined the region. This is an important work not only for how we understand Sindh’s politics during this critical period, but also for how we think about the intersection between political and environmental history.’ —Professor David Gilmartin, North Carolina State University, USA, Daniel Haines is a British Academy Post-doctoral Research Fellow at Royal Holloway, University of London. He holds a PhD in History from the same institution. He has previously served as a Visiting Faculty Member at the National Institute of Pakistan Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan. Haines is currently working on a political history of water resources development in the Indus Basin during and after Partition of the Subcontinent in 1947. 274 pages. N° de réf. du libraire 476

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Description du livre OUP Pakistan, Pakistan, 2014. Hardback. État : New. Language: English . This book usually ship within 10-15 business days and we will endeavor to dispatch orders quicker than this where possible. Brand New Book. European empires disintegrated during the twentieth century, leaving newly-formed postcolonial states in their wake. In this turbulent period, governments sought new political idioms to support their claims to legitimacy as modern states. In Sindh, a part of British India and (later) of Pakistan, the late colonial and early post-colonial states combined major attempts to control the natural environment with a serious engagement with representative politics in their bid for legitimacy. The construction of three barrage dams across the River Indus, along with a network of irrigation canals, enacted human control over nature as a political project; while the complicated relationship between bureaucracies and legislatures moved towards a democratic ideal after the First World War. This book examines tensions between representative and developmental sources of state legitimacy. It argues that the democratic trend of constitutional changes during the middle of the century conflicted with the authoritarian economic imperatives of the barrage projects, which Sindh s rulers believed to be necessary for the projects successful execution. The barrage projects were based on the concept, endorsed by British officials and their Pakistani successors, that material progress would bring prosperity and happiness to Sindh. Both the colonial and post-colonial governments capitalized on the projects rhetorical potential, creating a discourse in which the modern state s unique ability to mobilize scientific expertise in the public good justified its rule. This book argues that the late colonial and early postcolonial states had a great deal in common. It demonstrates this contention by highlighting similarities between the actions and rhetoric of governments before and after Partition in building and managing the barrage projects. The changing relationships between rulers, politicians and rural magnates between the 1920s and 1960s were intertwined with the rising idea that the state was responsible for promoting material progress, as well as the idea of extending political participation among Sindhis. Moreover, groups of Sindhi politicians appropriated discourses of science and development during the 1920s and 1930s, and used them to compete with the British-controlled state and with each other. This was the basis for the government s enthusiasm for development projects such as new barrages in early Pakistan, and ensured that contemporary development s state-centric tendencies remained strong. Based on archival material gathered in Pakistan, India, the UK and the USA, the book fills a gap in historical writing on modern Sindh, particularly after Partition; and contributes to scholarship on the modern state (particularly in the South Asian context). It engages, too, with the rising field of environmental history, and emphasizes the politics of the exploitation of the natural world. The book provides a counterpoint to the trend in South Asian historiography over the last twenty years of focusing on identity politics and, more recently, the everyday state : instead, it asserts the continued importance of broader analysis of how modern states have engaged with large-scale infrastructural development in conjunction with constitutional change. It also explores, in a Pakistani context, themes that writers on India have raised in relation to dams and development. N° de réf. du libraire BTE9780199068487

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