Ivan Pavlov: A Russian Life in Science

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9780199925193: Ivan Pavlov: A Russian Life in Science

Winner of the Pfizer Award from the History of Science Society

"Contrary to legend, Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) never trained a dog to salivate to the sound of a bell."

So begins this definitive, deeply researched biography of Ivan Pavlov. Daniel P. Todes fundamentally reinterprets the Russian physiologist's famous research on conditional reflexes and weaves his life, values, and science into the tumultuous century of Russian history-particularly that of its intelligentsia-from the reign of tsar Nicholas I to Stalin's time.

Ivan Pavlov was born to a family of priests in provincial Riazan before the serfs were emancipated, and made his home and professional success in the booming capital of St. Petersburg in late imperial Russia. He suffered the cataclysmic destruction of his world during the Bolshevik seizure of power and civil war of 1917-21, rebuilt his life in his seventies as a "prosperous dissident" during the Leninist 1920s, and flourished professionally as never before in the 1930s industrialization, revolution, and terror of Stalin times.

Using a wide variety of previously unavailable archival materials, Todes tells a vivid story of that life and redefines Pavlov's legacy. Pavlov was not, in fact, a behaviorist who believed that psychology should address only external behaviors; rather, he sought to explain the emotional and intellectual life of animals and humans, "the torments of our consciousness." This iconic "objectivist" was actually a profoundly anthropomorphic thinker whose science was suffused with his own experiences, values, and subjective interpretations.

Todes's story of this powerful personality and extraordinary man is based upon interviews with surviving coworkers and family members (along with never-before-analyzed taped interviews from the 1960s and 1970s), examination of hundreds of scientific works by Pavlov and his coworkers, and close analysis of materials from some twenty-five archives. The materials range from the records of his student years at Riazan Seminary to the transcripts of the Communist Party cells in his labs, and from his scientific manuscripts and notebooks to his political speeches; they include revealing love letters to his future wife and correspondence with hundreds of scholars, artists, and Communist Party leaders; and memoirs by many coworkers, his daughter, his wife, and his lover.

The product of more than twenty years of research, this is the first scholarly biography of the physiologist to be published in any language.

Les informations fournies dans la section « Synopsis » peuvent faire référence à une autre édition de ce titre.

About the Author :


Daniel P. Todes is Professor of History of Medicine at The Johns Hopkins University. He is the author of Darwin Without Malthus: The Struggle for Existence in Russian Evolutionary Thought and two earlier books on Pavlov: Pavlov's Physiology Factory: Experiment, Interpretation, Laboratory Enterprise, and a short biography for young adults, Ivan Pavlov: Exploring the Animal Machine.

Review :


"The book itself is an outstanding scientific biography with classical virtues. The trinity of life, thought, and social setting is presented through the joint use of archival research and conceptual analysis. The book itself exemplifies the theoretically interesting relations between life, society, and theorizing. At the same time, Todes adheres to the biographical frame, saving us from a dry theoretical analysis of these relationships. The book clearly and sharply shows the metaphoric relations constituted between society and scientists through the mediation of life....[T]he book is characterized by a balanced chronological presentation and rich archival support."--Csaba Pléh, European Yearbook of the History of Psychology


"Daniel Todes's new book serves as a shining example of an academic biography...By familiarizing the reader with the original and authentic ideas of Pavlov, as well as his values, character, political views, and idiosyncrasies, Todes's book will remain an important source for anyone interested in Pavlov or for those studying the history of science and society in late imperial, revolutionary, and early Soviet Russia."--Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History


"[This] book is a model of impeccable scholarship this is an impressive landmark study of both Pavlov and his Russia that deserves a wide readership; it will not be surpassed in the foreseeable future."--Journal of Modern History


"[A]n excellent new biography." --The New York Times


"It is astonishing to learn that when Daniel Todes began researching Pavlov's life in 1989, there was neither an authoritative biography of the man nor a comprehensive account of his work. Ivan Pavlov: A Russian Life in Science, 25 years in the making and a masterpiece of the biographer's art, has made handsome amends for this neglect. It is a mighty work of scholarship... Mr. Todes's gripping story does full justice to Pavlov's gigantic personality, his public and private life, his science, and the political and intellectual currents within and around him. A great man, a great life and a great biography." --Raymond Tallis, Wall Street Journal


"No scholar of Pavlov or of the disciplines he inspired will be able to ignore this achievement." --The New Yorker


"Daniel P. Todes achieves a level of mastery that transforms biography into history... The originality of its multilingual sources and serious treatment of scientific research marks it as an exemplary work of scholarship... Eminently readable." --Science


"Todes's biography proves not merely definitive, but redefining... History of science at its intricate best." -- Times Literary Supplement


"Written with the jeweler's eye of the scholar yet retaining the spontaneity and storytelling flair of the journalist, Todes's study fills important gaps in Pavlov scholarship. It is a remarkable book, the likes of which are rarely seen today." - American Scientist


"..[A] magisterial, deeply impressive, large-scale biography... The author deftly weaves a tapestry from the multiple facets of Pavlov's life and career while firmly grounding the portrait in the political, scientific, cultural, and social contexts of the time... This book should be in every academic library." --CHOICE


"The most impressive biography I've read in years, in places having the feel of a classic Russian novel... It's one of those rare works that actually deserve the adjective 'magisterial.'" --Steve Dodson, The Millions


"It is going to be difficult for reviewers to avoid clichés about this wonderful biography - and wonderful it is, as both a work of scholarship and as a highly readable story of a truly 'Russian life in science'... A biography such as this exemplifies what humanistic research has to contribute to public discussion of the place of science in the modern world... Biologists and historians alike can read this volume and feel their own special interests addressed. I read it from cover to cover with unalloyed pleasure." -- Roger Smith, Somatosphere


"Russianists will get a clear picture of the country during Pavlov's time...while physiologists and psychiatrists will find an accessible perspective on the scientist's works and research... [H]istorians of the era may delight in the level of detail this book has to offer." -- Library Journal


"A comprehensive, nuanced picture of Pavlov's life and times and his seminal contributions to science." -- Kirkus Reviews


"This volume surely represents the most richly researched and assiduously documented biography of Ivan Pavlov that will ever be written. Many of Todes's revelations will profoundly change the conventional view of Pavlov, the man and the scientist. All serious students of behavioral and neural science should read this book." --Ed Wasserman, Stuit Professor of Experimental Psychology, The University of Iowa


"One doesn't find biographies of this type much anymore, and that is a real shame. This book is the product of decades of research by Todes, and it shows. He has culled sources from archives in at least five countries and left out seemingly nothing of importance for understanding Pavlov. He knows his subject inside and out, and we get to know the scientist in these pages as if he were a person we've actually met. There is nothing like this book in any language-it is the definitive biography." --Michael D. Gordin, Rosengarten Professor of Modern and Contemporary History, Princeton University


"This fine scholarly biography is destined to become the definitive study of Ivan Pavlov, the great Russian physiologist. Todes gives us a remarkable picture of Pavlov's scientific work during the tumultuous years of change and explores the wider cultural and historical context of Russian science in transition. Packed with new research and deep historical insight, this is a must-read for anyone intrigued by scientific achievement." --Janet Browne, Aramont Professor of the History of Science, Harvard University, author of Charles Darwin: A Biography


"This is an extraordinary book." --First Things


"In short, Ivan Pavlov: A Russian Life in Science gives extraordinary detail to the life and times of an extraordinary scientist... [T]his wonderful tome will bring hours of intellectual joy to anyone who reads it." --PsycCRITIQUES


"The definitive biography of Pavlov for some time to come." --The British Journal of Psychiatry


"A good biography carefully uncovers and examines the assumptions that lie underneath the
popular image of its subject; a great biography, as Todes has written, transcends that popular image." -- The Russian Review


"This is the long-awaited, magisterial biography that culminates twenty-five years
of painstaking work on Pavlov's science by one of history of biology's foremost
scholars." --Bulletin of the History of Medicine


"Well written, thoroughly researched and extremely readable, the cost represents good value for money and Ivan Pavlov: A Russian Life in Science deserves a place on all good library shelves." --The Biologist


"Ivan Pavlov: A Russian Life in Science is an exceptional scientific biography, but it is also a vivid portrait of its time and place. Todes wears his exhaustive research lightly, never burdening the reader with unnecessary or undigested detail. Unlike Pavlov's dogs, teased and drained into a state of perpetual appetite, the reader is left fully sated." -Australian Book Review


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Daniel P Todes
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ISBN 10 : 0199925194 ISBN 13 : 9780199925193
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Description du livre Oxford UP, 2014. État : New. Born to a family of priests in provincial Russia, Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) made his home and professional life in imperial St Petersburg, suffered the destruction of his world during the Bolshevik Revolution, and successfully rebuilt his career in the 1930s. In this definitive biography, Todes reinterprets the physiologist's famous research on conditional reflexes and weaves his life, values and science into the tumultuous period of Russian history between the reigns of Tsar Nicholas I and Stalin. N° de réf. du libraire 225186

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Description du livre Oxford University Press Inc, United States, 2015. Hardback. État : New. Language: English . Brand New Book. This is a definitive, deeply researched biography of Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) and is the first scholarly biography to be published in any language. The book is Todes s magnum opus, which he has been working on for some twenty years. Todes makes use of a wealth of archival material to portray Pavlov s personality, life, times, and scientific work. Combining personal documents with a close reading of scientific texts, Todes fundamentally reinterprets Pavlov s famous research on conditional reflexes. Contrary to legend, Pavlov was not a behaviorist (a misimpression captured in the false iconic image of his training a dog to salivate to the sound of a bell ); rather, he sought to explain not simply external behaviors, but the emotional and intellectual life of animals and humans. This iconic objectivist was actually a profoundly anthropomorphic thinker whose science was suffused with his own experiences, values, and subjective interpretations. This book is also a traditional life and times biography that weaves Pavlov into some 100 years of Russian history-particularly that of its intelligentsia-from the emancipation of the serfs to Stalin s time. Pavlov was born to a family of priests in provincial Ryazan before the serfs were emancipated, made his home and professional success in the glittering capital of St. Petersburg in late imperial Russia, suffered the cataclysmic destruction of his world during the Bolshevik seizure of power and civil war of 1917-1921, rebuilt his life in his 70s as a prosperous dissident during the Leninist 1920s, and flourished professionally as never before in 1929-1936 during the industrialization, revolution, and terror of Stalin. Todes s story of this powerful personality and extraordinary man is based upon interviews with surviving coworkers and family members (along with never-before-analyzed taped interviews from the 1960s and 1970s), examination of hundreds of scientific works by Pavlov and his coworkers, and close analysis of materials from some twenty-five archives. The documents range from the records of his student years at Ryazan Seminary to the transcripts of the Communist Party cells in his labs, and from his scientific manuscripts and notebooks to his political speeches; they include revealing love letters to his future wife and correspondence with hundreds of lay people, scholars, artists, and Communist Party leaders; and unpublished memoirs by many coworkers, his daughter, his wife, and his lover. N° de réf. du libraire AOP9780199925193

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Description du livre Oxford University Press Inc, United States, 2015. Hardback. État : New. Language: English . Brand New Book. This is a definitive, deeply researched biography of Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) and is the first scholarly biography to be published in any language. The book is Todes s magnum opus, which he has been working on for some twenty years. Todes makes use of a wealth of archival material to portray Pavlov s personality, life, times, and scientific work. Combining personal documents with a close reading of scientific texts, Todes fundamentally reinterprets Pavlov s famous research on conditional reflexes. Contrary to legend, Pavlov was not a behaviorist (a misimpression captured in the false iconic image of his training a dog to salivate to the sound of a bell ); rather, he sought to explain not simply external behaviors, but the emotional and intellectual life of animals and humans. This iconic objectivist was actually a profoundly anthropomorphic thinker whose science was suffused with his own experiences, values, and subjective interpretations. This book is also a traditional life and times biography that weaves Pavlov into some 100 years of Russian history-particularly that of its intelligentsia-from the emancipation of the serfs to Stalin s time. Pavlov was born to a family of priests in provincial Ryazan before the serfs were emancipated, made his home and professional success in the glittering capital of St. Petersburg in late imperial Russia, suffered the cataclysmic destruction of his world during the Bolshevik seizure of power and civil war of 1917-1921, rebuilt his life in his 70s as a prosperous dissident during the Leninist 1920s, and flourished professionally as never before in 1929-1936 during the industrialization, revolution, and terror of Stalin. Todes s story of this powerful personality and extraordinary man is based upon interviews with surviving coworkers and family members (along with never-before-analyzed taped interviews from the 1960s and 1970s), examination of hundreds of scientific works by Pavlov and his coworkers, and close analysis of materials from some twenty-five archives. The documents range from the records of his student years at Ryazan Seminary to the transcripts of the Communist Party cells in his labs, and from his scientific manuscripts and notebooks to his political speeches; they include revealing love letters to his future wife and correspondence with hundreds of lay people, scholars, artists, and Communist Party leaders; and unpublished memoirs by many coworkers, his daughter, his wife, and his lover. N° de réf. du libraire AOP9780199925193

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