A Sense of the Enemy: The High Stakes History of Reading Your Rival's Mind

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9780199987375: A Sense of the Enemy: The High Stakes History of Reading Your Rival's Mind

More than two thousand years ago the Chinese strategist Sun Tzu advised us to know our enemies. The question has always been how. In A Sense of the Enemy, the historian Zachary Shore demonstrates that leaders can best understand an opponent not simply from his pattern of past behavior, but from his behavior at pattern breaks. Meaningful pattern breaks occur during dramatic deviations from the routine, when the enemy imposes costs upon himself. It's at these unexpected moments, Shore explains, that successful leaders can learn what makes their rivals truly tick.

Shore presents a uniquely revealing history of twentieth-century conflict. With vivid, suspenseful prose, he takes us into the minds of statesmen, to see how they in turn tried to enter the minds of others. In the process, he shows how this type of mind-reading, which he calls "strategic empathy," shaped matters of war and peace. Mahatma Gandhi, for instance, was an excellent strategic empath. In the wake of a British massacre of unarmed Indian civilians, how did Gandhi know that nonviolence could ever be effective? And what of Gustav Stresemann, the 21-year-old Wunderkind Ph.D., who rose from lobbyist for chocolate makers to Chancellor of Germany. How did he manage to resurrect his nation to great power status after its humiliating loss in World War One? And then there is Le Duan, the shadowy Marxist manipulator who was actually running North Vietnam during the 1960s, as opposed to Ho Chi Minh. How did this rigid ideologue so skillfully discern America's underlying constraints? And, armed with this awareness, how did he construct a grand strategy to defeat the United States? One key to all these leaders' triumphs came from the enemy's behavior at pattern breaks.

Drawing on research from the cognitive sciences, and tapping multilingual, multinational sources, Shore has crafted an innovative history of the last century's most pivotal moments, when lives and nations were on the line. Through this curious study of strategic empathy, we gain surprising insights into how great leaders think.

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About the Author :


Zachary Shore is an Associate Professor of History at the Naval Postgraduate School. He is the author of What Hitler Knew, Breeding Bin Ladens, and Blunder.

Review :


"Deeply researched, well argued, and often convincing... Offers an intriguing and fresh interpretation of some of recent history's best-known and most important global conflicts." --Publishers Weekly


"What Zachary Shore refers to as 'strategic empathy' is a vitally important concept in international affairs, and he is to be lauded for this intelligent, discerning, and engagingly written book." --Fredrik Logevall, author of Embers of War, winner of the 2013 Pulitzer Prize for History


"Zachary Shore articulates a provocative and compelling argument about a crucial yet understudied issue lying at the heart of decision making - how to read one's rivals. The analysis is developed in the context of artfully chosen, snappily written, historical case studies that make for captivating reading in and of themselves. This work will be of significant value and interest to scholars and policy makers alike." --Aviel Roshwald, author of The Endurance of Nationalism


"A Sense of the Enemy will reward all readers concerned with foreign-policy strategy."-Michigan War Studies Review


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Shore, Zachary
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Description du livre Oxford University Press Inc, United States, 2014. Hardback. État : New. New.. Language: English . Brand New Book. The ancient Chinese military philosopher Sun Tzu admonished his generals to Know thy enemy. The question has always been how to do that. Too often military leaders have relied on simplistic methods for predicting the behavior of their adversaries-with disastrous results. In A Sense of the Enemy, Zachary Shore argues that successful leaders employ what he calls strategic empathy, an ability to empathize with their opponents in order to anticipate how they will act. Wise leaders do not assume that rivals will act as they themselves would, but instead try to see into the unique internal constraints and drivers that shape an enemy s decision processes. Such leaders look not only for patterns, but more importantly for pattern breaks, those episodes when an opponent deviates from his usual behavior in a way that imposes long-term costs upon itself. They don t assume that past behavior always predicts future actions ( the continuity error ) or that opponents have an unchanging character ( the fundamental attribution error ).Shore contrasts the empathic German Foreign Minister Gustav Stresemann, for example, who accurately perceived Russian intentions in the 1920s, with Stalin s repeated failure to read Hitler s behavior in the 1940s. Stalin was so blinded by ideology and paranoia that he couldn t see the Nazis evolving strategy, and paid dearly for it. Shore insists that leaders need to be flexible, able to shift views when the facts on the ground change. Yet leaders still fail. Highlighting famous examples of successes and failures from the history of international conflict, A Sense of the Enemy sheds important new light on today s crises, from the vexed US-China relationship to the Iraq fiasco and the Iran-Israel conflict. N° de réf. du libraire POW9780199987375

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Zachary Shore
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ISBN 10 : 0199987378 ISBN 13 : 9780199987375
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Description du livre Oxford University Press Inc, United States, 2014. Hardback. État : New. New.. Language: English . Brand New Book. The ancient Chinese military philosopher Sun Tzu admonished his generals to Know thy enemy. The question has always been how to do that. Too often military leaders have relied on simplistic methods for predicting the behavior of their adversaries-with disastrous results. In A Sense of the Enemy, Zachary Shore argues that successful leaders employ what he calls strategic empathy, an ability to empathize with their opponents in order to anticipate how they will act. Wise leaders do not assume that rivals will act as they themselves would, but instead try to see into the unique internal constraints and drivers that shape an enemy s decision processes. Such leaders look not only for patterns, but more importantly for pattern breaks, those episodes when an opponent deviates from his usual behavior in a way that imposes long-term costs upon itself. They don t assume that past behavior always predicts future actions ( the continuity error ) or that opponents have an unchanging character ( the fundamental attribution error ). Shore contrasts the empathic German Foreign Minister Gustav Stresemann, for example, who accurately perceived Russian intentions in the 1920s, with Stalin s repeated failure to read Hitler s behavior in the 1940s. Stalin was so blinded by ideology and paranoia that he couldn t see the Nazis evolving strategy, and paid dearly for it. Shore insists that leaders need to be flexible, able to shift views when the facts on the ground change. Yet leaders still fail. Highlighting famous examples of successes and failures from the history of international conflict, A Sense of the Enemy sheds important new light on today s crises, from the vexed US-China relationship to the Iraq fiasco and the Iran-Israel conflict. N° de réf. du libraire POW9780199987375

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Description du livre Oxford University Press Inc, United States, 2014. Hardback. État : New. New.. Language: English . This book usually ship within 10-15 business days and we will endeavor to dispatch orders quicker than this where possible. Brand New Book. The ancient Chinese military philosopher Sun Tzu admonished his generals to Know thy enemy. The question has always been how to do that. Too often military leaders have relied on simplistic methods for predicting the behavior of their adversaries-with disastrous results. In A Sense of the Enemy, Zachary Shore argues that successful leaders employ what he calls strategic empathy, an ability to empathize with their opponents in order to anticipate how they will act. Wise leaders do not assume that rivals will act as they themselves would, but instead try to see into the unique internal constraints and drivers that shape an enemy s decision processes. Such leaders look not only for patterns, but more importantly for pattern breaks, those episodes when an opponent deviates from his usual behavior in a way that imposes long-term costs upon itself. They don t assume that past behavior always predicts future actions ( the continuity error ) or that opponents have an unchanging character ( the fundamental attribution error ). Shore contrasts the empathic German Foreign Minister Gustav Stresemann, for example, who accurately perceived Russian intentions in the 1920s, with Stalin s repeated failure to read Hitler s behavior in the 1940s. Stalin was so blinded by ideology and paranoia that he couldn t see the Nazis evolving strategy, and paid dearly for it. Shore insists that leaders need to be flexible, able to shift views when the facts on the ground change. Yet leaders still fail. Highlighting famous examples of successes and failures from the history of international conflict, A Sense of the Enemy sheds important new light on today s crises, from the vexed US-China relationship to the Iraq fiasco and the Iran-Israel conflict. N° de réf. du libraire BTE9780199987375

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