A World Made New: Eleanor Roosevelt and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Note moyenne 3,69
( 247 avis fournis par Goodreads )
 
9780375760464: A World Made New: Eleanor Roosevelt and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Afficher les exemplaires de cette édition ISBN
 
 

A World Made New This is the story of Eleanor Roosevelt's proudest achievement and of the remarkable group of men and women from around the world who shared in its realization. Photos.

Les informations fournies dans la section « Synopsis » peuvent faire référence à une autre édition de ce titre.

Extrait :

Politics, it has been said, is “the arena where conscience and power meet, and will be meeting until the end of time.”1
Conscience so often fares poorly in such encounters that we celebrate the occasions when Power gives her more than a tip of the hat. In April 1945, as delegates from fifty lands gathered in San Francisco for the United Nations founding conference, Power was much on display. Battleships leaving the Pacific harbor with men and matériel were a grim reminder that the war with Japan was still raging. The tides of war in Europe, however, had turned in favor of the Allies, and the “Big Three” (Britain, the Soviet Union, and the United States) had begun jockeying for the positions they would hold in the new world order. As part of their planning for the postwar era, the Allies invited to the San Francisco conclave all states that had declared war on Germany and Japan by March 1, 1945.

The Allied leaders had agreed in principle on the need for an international organization to prevent future aggression, assure the stability of frontiers, and provide a means for resolving disputes among nations, but the most vigorous supporter of the idea was Franklin Roosevelt. The American president was mindful that the failure of the first such organization, the League of Nations, was due in no small measure to President Woodrow Wilson’s inability to convince the Senate to ratify the treaty establishing it. A driving force behind the League’s formation after World War I, Wilson had been bitterly disappointed.

To prevent a repetition of that debacle, Roosevelt had begun speaking to the American people about his hopes for a new world organization during the war. “Nations will learn to work together,” he insisted, “only by actually working together.”

In a radio address on Christmas Eve 1943, he emphasized that the main purpose of such an organization would be to keep the peace. The United States had no interest, he said, in Allied domination over other nations: “The doctrine that the strong shall dominate the weak is the doctrine of our enemies–and we reject it.”3

Now, with the confidence born of approaching victory, Roosevelt believed the time had come to make up for the mistakes of the last peace. Shortly after his inauguration in January 1945, he told Congress of his hopes to replace the old international system of “exclusive alliances and spheres of influence” with a “universal organization in which all peace-loving nations will finally have a chance to join.”4

Eleanor Roosevelt had long shared those hopes. When her husband asked her to accompany him to the opening session of the UN founding conference in April, and on a trip to England and the continent in May, she was delighted–not least because his enthusiasm allayed her growing anxiety about his health. Labor Secretary Frances Perkins had objected that a trip to the war zone would be too dangerous, but the president replied that he expected the war to be over by then. He had long looked forward, he told Perkins, to a victory tour with the First Lady at his side: “Eleanor’s visit [to England] in wartime was a great success. I mean a success for her and for me so that we understood more about their problems. . . . I told Eleanor to order her clothes and get some fine things so that she will make a really handsome appearance.”5

With spring flowers in bloom and war’s end at last in sight, an exuberant president began to prepare for the San Francisco conference.

The features of the future UN that were of most interest to the Great Powers had been settled already at two much more exclusive meetings. In the summer and fall of 1944, representatives of Britain, China, the United States, and the USSR had met at Dumbarton Oaks to do preparatory work on what would become the UN Charter. One month earlier, at Bretton Woods in New Hampshire, the Allies had established the main institutions of the postwar economic order–the International Monetary Fund and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (the World Bank).

Determined to avoid Wilson’s main error, Roosevelt actively courted Republican support for the United Nations. When the time came to choose representatives for San Francisco, he made a point to include prominent GOP leaders: former Minnesota Governor Harold Stassen, future Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, and Senator Arthur Vandenberg, the ranking minority member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.

The Soviets went along with the project, but without much enthusiasm. Their chief concern for the immediate postwar period was to protect the frontiers of the motherland from renewed aggression. On the eve of the Normandy invasion, according to former Yugoslav Communist Party official Milovan Djilas, Stalin told Djilas: “Perhaps you think that just because we are the allies of the English we have forgotten who they are and who Churchill is. They find nothing sweeter than to trick their allies. . . . Churchill is the kind who, if you don’t watch him, will slip a kopeck out of your pocket. . . . Roosevelt is not like that. He dips in his hand only for bigger coins.”6

George F. Kennan, a shrewd observer then serving in the U.S. embassy in Moscow, sized up Russia’s position this way: “Insofar as Stalin attached importance to the concept of a future international organization, he did so in the expectation that the organization would serve as the instrument for maintenance of a US-UK-Soviet hegemony in international affairs.”7 That arrangement could be satisfactory to the Soviets only if Britain and America accepted the sphere of influence the USSR was establishing in Central and Eastern Europe in the summer of 1944.

Churchill and the British Foreign Office were skeptical of the Soviet Union’s value as a partner in promoting future peace and wary of Stalin’s expansionist aims. Anthony Eden, Churchill’s foreign minister, viewed Soviet policy as “amoral” and the American attitude as “exaggeratedly moral, at least where non-American interests are concerned.”8

Présentation de l'éditeur :

Unafraid to speak her mind and famously tenacious in her convictions, Eleanor Roosevelt was still mourning the death of FDR when she was asked by President Truman to lead a controversial commission, under the auspices of the newly formed United Nations, to forge the world’s first international bill of rights.

A World Made New is the dramatic and inspiring story of the remarkable group of men and women from around the world who participated in this historic achievement and gave us the founding document of the modern human rights movement. Spurred on by the horrors of the Second World War and working against the clock in the brief window of hope between the armistice and the Cold War, they grappled together to articulate a new vision of the rights that every man and woman in every country around the world should share, regardless of their culture or religion.

A landmark work of narrative history based in part on diaries and letters to which Mary Ann Glendon, an award-winning professor of law at Harvard University, was given exclusive access, A World Made New is the first book devoted to this crucial turning point in Eleanor Roosevelt’s life, and in world history.

Finalist for the Robert F. Kennedy Book Award

Les informations fournies dans la section « A propos du livre » peuvent faire référence à une autre édition de ce titre.

Autres éditions populaires du même titre

9780679463108: A World Made New: Eleanor Roosevelt and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Edition présentée

ISBN 10 :  0679463100 ISBN 13 :  9780679463108
Editeur : Random House USA Inc, 2001
Couverture rigide

Meilleurs résultats de recherche sur AbeBooks

1.

Glendon, Mary Ann
ISBN 10 : 0375760466 ISBN 13 : 9780375760464
Neuf Quantité disponible : 16
Vendeur
Paperbackshop-US
(Wood Dale, IL, Etats-Unis)
Evaluation vendeur
[?]

Description du livre 2002. PAP. Etat : New. New Book. Shipped from US within 10 to 14 business days. Established seller since 2000. N° de réf. du vendeur IB-9780375760464

Plus d'informations sur ce vendeur | Contacter le vendeur

Acheter neuf
EUR 8,84
Autre devise

Ajouter au panier

Frais de port : EUR 3,49
Vers Etats-Unis
Destinations, frais et délais

2.

GLENDON, MARY ANN
Edité par Penguin Random House
ISBN 10 : 0375760466 ISBN 13 : 9780375760464
Neuf Quantité disponible : > 20
Vendeur
INDOO
(Avenel, NJ, Etats-Unis)
Evaluation vendeur
[?]

Description du livre Penguin Random House. Etat : New. Brand New. N° de réf. du vendeur 0375760466

Plus d'informations sur ce vendeur | Contacter le vendeur

Acheter neuf
EUR 9,44
Autre devise

Ajouter au panier

Frais de port : EUR 3,15
Vers Etats-Unis
Destinations, frais et délais

3.

Glendon, Mary Ann
Edité par Random House Trade Paperbacks
ISBN 10 : 0375760466 ISBN 13 : 9780375760464
Neuf PAPERBACK Quantité disponible : 1
Vendeur
Bookhouse COM LLC
(Philadelphia, PA, Etats-Unis)
Evaluation vendeur
[?]

Description du livre Random House Trade Paperbacks. PAPERBACK. Etat : New. 0375760466. N° de réf. du vendeur Z0375760466ZN

Plus d'informations sur ce vendeur | Contacter le vendeur

Acheter neuf
EUR 13,42
Autre devise

Ajouter au panier

Frais de port : Gratuit
Vers Etats-Unis
Destinations, frais et délais

4.

Glendon, Mary Ann
Edité par Random House Trade Paperbacks
ISBN 10 : 0375760466 ISBN 13 : 9780375760464
Neuf PAPERBACK Quantité disponible : 1
Vendeur
Vital Products COM LLC
(Southampton, PA, Etats-Unis)
Evaluation vendeur
[?]

Description du livre Random House Trade Paperbacks. PAPERBACK. Etat : New. 0375760466. N° de réf. du vendeur Z0375760466ZN

Plus d'informations sur ce vendeur | Contacter le vendeur

Acheter neuf
EUR 13,42
Autre devise

Ajouter au panier

Frais de port : Gratuit
Vers Etats-Unis
Destinations, frais et délais

5.

Glendon, Mary Ann
Edité par Random House Trade Paperbacks
ISBN 10 : 0375760466 ISBN 13 : 9780375760464
Neuf PAPERBACK Quantité disponible : 1
Vendeur
BookShop4U
(PHILADELPHIA, PA, Etats-Unis)
Evaluation vendeur
[?]

Description du livre Random House Trade Paperbacks. PAPERBACK. Etat : New. 0375760466. N° de réf. du vendeur Z0375760466ZN

Plus d'informations sur ce vendeur | Contacter le vendeur

Acheter neuf
EUR 13,42
Autre devise

Ajouter au panier

Frais de port : Gratuit
Vers Etats-Unis
Destinations, frais et délais

6.

Glendon, Mary Ann
Edité par Random House Trade Paperbacks
ISBN 10 : 0375760466 ISBN 13 : 9780375760464
Neuf PAPERBACK Quantité disponible : 1
Vendeur
Best Bates
(Bensalem, PA, Etats-Unis)
Evaluation vendeur
[?]

Description du livre Random House Trade Paperbacks. PAPERBACK. Etat : New. 0375760466. N° de réf. du vendeur Z0375760466ZN

Plus d'informations sur ce vendeur | Contacter le vendeur

Acheter neuf
EUR 13,42
Autre devise

Ajouter au panier

Frais de port : Gratuit
Vers Etats-Unis
Destinations, frais et délais

7.

Glendon, Mary Ann
Edité par Random House Trade Paperbacks
ISBN 10 : 0375760466 ISBN 13 : 9780375760464
Neuf PAPERBACK Quantité disponible : 1
Vendeur
Mega Buzz
(Bensalem, PA, Etats-Unis)
Evaluation vendeur
[?]

Description du livre Random House Trade Paperbacks. PAPERBACK. Etat : New. 0375760466. N° de réf. du vendeur Z0375760466ZN

Plus d'informations sur ce vendeur | Contacter le vendeur

Acheter neuf
EUR 13,42
Autre devise

Ajouter au panier

Frais de port : Gratuit
Vers Etats-Unis
Destinations, frais et délais

8.

Glendon, Mary Ann
Edité par Random House Trade Paperbacks
ISBN 10 : 0375760466 ISBN 13 : 9780375760464
Neuf PAPERBACK Quantité disponible : 1
Vendeur
Booklot COM LLC
(Philadelphia, PA, Etats-Unis)
Evaluation vendeur
[?]

Description du livre Random House Trade Paperbacks. PAPERBACK. Etat : New. 0375760466. N° de réf. du vendeur Z0375760466ZN

Plus d'informations sur ce vendeur | Contacter le vendeur

Acheter neuf
EUR 13,42
Autre devise

Ajouter au panier

Frais de port : Gratuit
Vers Etats-Unis
Destinations, frais et délais

9.

Glendon, Mary Ann
Edité par Random House Trade Paperbacks
ISBN 10 : 0375760466 ISBN 13 : 9780375760464
Neuf PAPERBACK Quantité disponible : 1
Vendeur
Qwestbooks COM LLC
(Bensalem, PA, Etats-Unis)
Evaluation vendeur
[?]

Description du livre Random House Trade Paperbacks. PAPERBACK. Etat : New. 0375760466. N° de réf. du vendeur Z0375760466ZN

Plus d'informations sur ce vendeur | Contacter le vendeur

Acheter neuf
EUR 13,42
Autre devise

Ajouter au panier

Frais de port : Gratuit
Vers Etats-Unis
Destinations, frais et délais

10.

Glendon, Mary Ann
Edité par Random House Trade Paperbacks
ISBN 10 : 0375760466 ISBN 13 : 9780375760464
Neuf PAPERBACK Quantité disponible : > 20
Vendeur
Mediaoutlet12345
(Springfield, VA, Etats-Unis)
Evaluation vendeur
[?]

Description du livre Random House Trade Paperbacks. PAPERBACK. Etat : New. 0375760466 *BRAND NEW* Ships Same Day or Next!. N° de réf. du vendeur SWATI2132236451

Plus d'informations sur ce vendeur | Contacter le vendeur

Acheter neuf
EUR 10,39
Autre devise

Ajouter au panier

Frais de port : EUR 3,49
Vers Etats-Unis
Destinations, frais et délais

autres exemplaires de ce livre sont disponibles

Afficher tous les résultats pour ce livre