Epithets of Apollo: Phoebus, Paean, Apollo Lykeios, Agonius, Agraeus, Agyieus, Amazonius, Alexicacus, Abaeus, Agetor, Patroos

 
9781157153108: Epithets of Apollo: Phoebus, Paean, Apollo Lykeios, Agonius, Agraeus, Agyieus, Amazonius, Alexicacus, Abaeus, Agetor, Patroos
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 119. Not illustrated. Chapters: Phoebus, Paean, Apollo Lykeios, Agonius, Agraeus, Agyieus, Amazonius, Alexicacus, Abaeus, Agetor, Patroos, Apollo Leschenorios, Delian Apollo, Apollo Galaxius, Apollo Ismenius, Delphinius. Excerpt: Paean (pronounced , as in European) is a term used to describe a type of triumphal or grateful song, usually choral though sometimes individual. It comes from the ancient Greek "", "", or "", "song of triumph, any solemn song or chant" and it was also used as the name for the physician of the Greek gods and as an epithet of Apollo. In Homer, Paeon was the Greek physician of the gods: in Iliad V he heals the wounded Ares and Hades with herbal lore. In time Paeon/Paean became a mere epithet of Apollo in his capacity as a god capable of bringing disease and therefore propitiated as a god of healing. Hesiod too definitely separates an individual Paeon, and in later poetry Paeon is invoked independently as a health god. Later, Paean becomes an epithet of Asclepius, the healer-god. At the same time, the earliest appearances of a paean or hymn of thanksgiving also appear in the Iliad, when after the prayer to avert evil from the Achaeans, a paean is sung, and, in an almost identical line (X.391), Achilles bids the Myrmidons sing the paean after the death of Hector. To discover the relation between Paean or Paeon the healer-god and paean in the sense of "song" it is necessary to identify the connection between ritual chant and the shaman's healing arts. Martin Nilsson oberved: The curing of diseases everywhere plays an important part and among primitive peoples lies in the hands of sorcerers and priests. There was in earlier Greece a class of seers and purificatory priests which in all essentials fulfilled this function. The art of healing consisted in magical ceremonies and incantations. In later times these we...

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