Damascus steel was a type of steel used for manufacturing sword blades in the Near East made with wootz steel. These swords are characterized by distinctive patterns of banding and mottling reminiscent of flowing water. Such blades were reputed to be tough, resistant to shattering and capable of being honed to a sharp, resilient edge. The steel is named after Damascus, the capital city of Syria. It may either refer to swords made or sold in Damascus directly, or it may just refer to the aspect of the typical patterns, by comparison with Damask fabrics (which are in turn named after Damascus). The original method of producing Damascus steel is not known. Modern attempts to duplicate the metal have not been entirely successful due to differences in raw materials and manufacturing techniques. Several individuals in modern times have claimed that they have rediscovered the methods by which the original Damascus steel was produced. The reputation and history of Damascus steel has given rise to many legends, such as the ability to cut through a rifle barrel or to cut a hair falling across the blade. A research team in Germany published a report in 2006 revealing nanowires and carbon nanotubes in a blade forged from Damascus steel. Although many types of modern steel outperform ancient Damascus alloys, chemical reactions in the production process made the blades extraordinary for their time, as Damascus steel was superplastic and very hard at the same time. During the smelting process to obtain Wootz steel ingots, woody biomass and leaves are known to have been used as carburizing additives along with certain specific types of iron rich in microalloying elements. These ingots would then be further forged and worked into Damascus steel blades.
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Description du livre Verlag Stahleisen, 1994. Hardcover. État : Near Fine. Etat de la jaquette : Very Good. Second Edition. A clean tightly bound copy in blue cloth over boards and silver gilt titles. English Edition rendered from the 2nd Revised German Edition. Glossy jacket shows some edge and corner wear, with wrinkles and creasing to jacket near the folds on front panel. N° de réf. du libraire 19889
Description du livre Stahlelsen, 1994. État : Very Good. Some light shelfwear to the jacket edges. The book is clean and feels very light used. N° de réf. du libraire 107429-10