Titre : Chirurgia Magna, in duos tomos digesta? Nunc...
Éditeur : Argentorati [i.e. Basel]: [Peter Perna], 1573.
Date d'édition : 1573
2 works in 1 volume (the first in 2 parts), small folio, 6 leaves, pp. 223, (1) blank), (27); 1 leaf, pp. 250, (36); 1 leaf, pp. 263, (5). Separate title-pages to the second part and second work, woodcut initials. Some foxing (mostly light but worse in signature L) and paper a little browned, first title dust-soiled and with two creases. Eighteenth century English calf, rebacked and corners repaired. Armorial bookplate of Clement Archer on front pastedown; small old library stamp on title and one preliminary page. FIRST EDITION IN LATIN of the Grosse Wundartzney, Paracelsus? most important medical work, published together a reprint of Gerard Dorn?s Latin editions of the Chirurgia Minor and Chirurgia Vulnerum. This is an important edition, as it was through this Latin edition, and not the earlier vernacular editions, that Paracelsus? medical writings were disseminated throughout Europe. The Grosse Wundartney was one of the few, and easily the most important, of Paracelsus? writings to be published in his lifetime. ?Among Paracelsus? practical achievements was his management of wounds and chronic ulcers. These conditions were overtreated at the time, and Paracelsus? success lay in his conservative, noninterventionist approach, which was based upon his belief in natural healing power and mumia, an active principle in tissues. He thus continued the tradition of Theodoric Borgognoni of Lucca and his pupil Henry of Mondeville, both of whom had advocated, in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, aseptic and pus-preventing treatment, the method of rara vulnerum medicatio (as Cesare Magati named it in 1616). Chemical therapy had been used chiefly externally by the ancients, but Paracelsus recognised the superiority of chemicals taken internally over the traditional, mostly herbal, internal medicines. He imposed strict controls on their use, however, holding that chemicals must be given only in moderate doses (in contrast to the toxic doses of mercury then used in treating syphilis) and only in detoxified form? Paracelsus also knew of the diuretic action of mercury in the treatment of dropsy and of the narcotic and sedative properties of ether-like preparations that he obtained from the interaction of alcohol and sulfur? (DSB). Sudhoff 146?147 and 148. Durling 3496 and 3497. See G&M 5561 for the first edition of 1536. Zimmerman & Veith, Great Ideas in the History of Surgery, pp. 171?178. N° de réf. du libraire 2641
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