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Titre : Experimental Researches in Electricity, ...
Éditeur : Richard and John Edward Taylor
Etat du livre : Good
Description du livre Dover Publications, New York, 1965. Hardcover. Grey serge/boards; black lettering. White djs with bw image and black lettering. Vols. I and II together: 574 pp. and VIII bw plates with 302 pp. with V bw plates; Vol. III: 588 pp. with IV bw plates, of which Plate II is a large folding plate, tucked under the rear dj flap. Faraday's discoveries in the fields of electricity and magnetism opened the door to th edevelopment of principles and devices basic to the industrial revolution of modern times. His investigations were first published in various journals and later published in three volumes, appearing in 1839, 1844, and 1855. This is an unabridged republication of all three volumes, in two, the first time it has been reprinted. With a total of 32 tables and charts, 94 figures, and 17 plates. VG, clean and tight interiors but with some chips/small tears and darkening to jackets. N° de réf. du libraire 148775
Description du livre First printed in the Philosophical Transactions in the same year, the eleventh series presents Faraday's researches on electro-statical induction. This series was "undertaken with a view to test an idea which he had long possessed, that the forces of attraction and repulsion exercised by free electricity are not the resultant of actions exercised at a distance, but are propagated by means of molecular action among the contiguous particles of the insulating medium surrounding the electrified bodies, which he therefore calls the dielectric. By this idea he [was] led to some very remarkable views upon induction, or in fact upon electrical action in general" (Thomson, Phil Mag, July 1854, p. 50). Itwas in the area of experimental electricity that Michael Faraday accomplished his life's most important work as well as the work for which he is best known. In 1831, experimental science was transformed when his experiments proved that frictional electricity from the clouds was the same as animal electricity, such as that of the electric eel. "Faraday repeated all the experiments in this newly discovered field and added many more of his own. In one of his notebooks we read: 'Change magnetism into electricity.' He experimented patiently, but with no success. Yet it seemed clear to him that if a current-bearing conductor possesses a magnetic field it should in some way be possible to induce an electric current by means of a magnetic field? "In 1931 in a series of never-to-be-forgotten experiments, Faraday in quick succession discovered the laws of induced currents, and in so doing laid that foundations for the unparalleled triumphs of modern electricity. He made the fundamental discover that whenever lines of magnetic force are made to cut across a conductor [imagine a magnet moving across a wire] or a conductor is made to cut across lines of force, a current is induced in the conductor. In this basic principle lay the invention of the dynamo, the electric motor, the induction coil and transformer, the x-ray, and a host of revolutionizing application of this mysterious form of energy. Without this discovery, electricity would still be the plaything of science. Immediately following this, Faraday in a series of researches worked out the laws of electrochemical action and invented the first accurate electric measuring instrument" (Darrow, Masters of Science and Invention, pp. 76-77). ALSO INCLUDED: Grove, William R. "On a new Voltaic Combination" AND "On Voltaic Series and the Combination of Gases by Platinum" in The London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science Volume 13, 1838, pp. 430-431 AND Volume 14, 1839, pp. 127-130. FIRST EDITIONS OF GROVE'S DESCRIPTION AND DEMONSTRATION OF THE INVENTION OF THE FIRST FUEL CELL - an improved form of voltaic cell which Faraday used in his demonstrations before the Royal Society. Simply put, fuel cell technology generates electricity within the chemical reaction created via the combination of hydrogen and oxygen. Together the two papers trace the evolution of Grove's fuel cell. CONDITION & DETAILS: 2 Volumes. London: Richard and John E. Taylor. (8.5 x 5.5 inches; 213 x 138mm). [viii], 486, [258 page index], 4. Ex-libris bearing only a small paper label at the spine and a discreet stamp on the title page. Bound in three quarter polished black calf over marbled paper boards. GIlt-ruled and lettered at the spine. Minor rubbing and scuffing; tightly and solidly bound. Slight age toning and foxing. Both volumes are in very good condition. N° de réf. du libraire 667
Description du livre Richard and John Edward Taylor, Richard Taylor and William Francis, London, 1839. Hardcover. État : Very Good. 1st Edition. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. London: Richard and John Edward Taylor, [Vols. I-II], Richard Taylor and William Francis [Vol. III], 1839, 1844, 1855. Three volumes. 8vo (226 x 142 mm). Vol. 1: vi, 574,  pp., including publishers ads. at rear and 8 folding engraved plates. Vol. 2: viii, 302,  pp., including half title and 5 engraved plates (2 folding). Vo. 3: viii, 588 pp., folding lithographed plate and 3 engraved folding plates. All in original publishers bindings. Vols. I-II: green fine-diaper cloth with central blind-stamped vine-leaf and flower figures on front and back covers (not uniform), gilt-lettered spines (no vol.-number on the spine of Vol. I); Vol. III: original blue-green fine-diaper cloth, gilt-lettered spine (boards and extremities rubbed, corners bumped, top spine of Vol. II chipped, spine of Vol. III with faint shelf-mark), yellow endpapers. Text generally clean with only little age-toning and occasional minor spotting, some foxing to plates. Provenance: Institute of Actuaries (small stamp to title-page of Vol. II); Haileybury College Science Library (bookplate to front pastedown and shelf-mark to first flyleaf of Vol. III). A very good set, very rare in its original publishers cloth. ---- PMM 308; Horblit 29; Norman 762, Sparrow 62, Jeffreys 297. - FIRST EDITION in book form. "Between 1832 and 1852 Faraday published twenty-nine series of papers in the Philosophical Transactions under the title "Experimental researches in electricity"; it was through these papers that his major discoveries relating to electricity and magnetism were first published . These papers, along with pertinent papers and letters published in other scientific journals, were collected in three volumes published in 1839, 1844 and 1855. The collection encompasses the entire range of Faraday's remarkable achievement, including his discovery of electromagnetic induction, his demonstration of the identity of all formes of electricity, his first general theory of electricity as a function of interparticulate strain, and the last series of researches on magnetism, containing the germ of modern field theory, in which Faraday rejected his earlier model of the transmission of magnetic energy in favor of one locating the manifestion of magnetic energy in the field surrounding the magnet." (Norman 762). The author's epoch-making discovery of the means to generate electricity by electro-magnetic induction is the principle behind the dynamo and the transformer, and the foundation of the modern electrical industry. The experiments that Faraday recorded in this paper marked the begining of his "great series of investigations into electricity" (PMM), through which he established the identity of all types of electricity, the magnetic properties of the earth and his theory of "lines" or "tubes" of magnetic force, "the starting point for the revolutionary theories of Clerk Maxwell and later of Einstein" (PMM). The original publisher's bindings are always disparate in colour and/or type of cloth. The first two volumes have a brownish-green colour of the fine-diaper cloth whereas the third volume is bound in a rather bluish-green cloth which eighter has a pebble- or a diaper texture. The Quaritch-reprints are bound in a pebble-textured cloth. N° de réf. du libraire 002137