Storia antica del Messico
4 vols., quarto [24x17.5 cm], pp I: [i-ii] iii-vii , 1-303 [1, blank], 303-306, 1 folded map, 2 plates, folded chart -- II: [1-2] 3-268, 273-276, 17 plates (5 folded) -- III: [1-2], 3-260, 1 folded map, 1 plate -- IV: [1-2] 3-331 [1, colophon]276, with 17 engravings, some folding. Total map & plate count: 2 folded copper-engraved maps; 20 copper-engraved plates (5 folded); 1 folded letterpress chart (genealogical chart of Mexican kings). Titles and text with wood-engraved ornamentation, head and tail-pieces, initial letters. The engravings are of a very high quality. This is the first complete history of ancient Mexico as far as it was known at that time and was the most complete edition of the work until modern times. Subsequent editions were bowdlerized due to Spanish authorities’ negative reaction to what they considered the author’s alleged hispanophobia and exaggeration of the value of Mexican culture to a point that Spain appeared to suffer by comparison. Clavigero (1731 - 87) was a native born Mexican (of Spanish stock), proud of his country, and a true Enlightenment scholar. Some typical judgments of his work are: Glass, p. 585: "Major, late Enlightenment survey of pre-Hispanic Mexican Indian culture and history. A very influential work, which constituted the most ambitious treatment of its subject since Torquemada. Illustrations include details from such manuscripts as Codex Mendoza. Mention of Codex Cospi is among the earliest published references to that manuscript." Griffin 1351n: "An eighteenth-century Jesuit’s reconstruction of native history, principally from Torquemada and other standard sources, with some further data on native life of the colonial period. One of the late writings that reveals the emergence of a sense of local identification and patriotism. A work of exceptional interest from many points of view." Stevens, Biblioteca Historica 377: "All the other books that have been elaborated since on the same subject, instead of superseding Clavigero’s, have tended rather to magnify its importance." Streeter Sale 194 (London edition). Wilgus, pp. 236-237: "A mine of information on archaeology and antiquities of Mexico, and it listed many manuscripts—including Indian picture writing—and documents not only from the Mexican archives but from the Vatican, Italian, and Spanish collections. The author listed thirty Indian and Spanish writers who gave accounts of Mexico, showing that Clavigero was indeed a bibliographer and historiographer of the first rank." Winsor II, p. 425.The Italian edition is the true first of Clavigero's fundamental work on Mexican history: he began the work in Spanish, but soon decided to start it again in Italian, and it was completed in its final form in that language. He was expelled with the other Jesuits from Mexico in 1767 and came to reside in Italy, and so it was that the work first saw the light in this Italian translation. The original text in Spanish became lost and was only found in the early 20th century. Bound in a contemporary Italian binding, hand-colored boards over vellum. This is a fine set of this seminal work. N° de réf. du libraire 7236
Titre : Storia antica del Messico
Éditeur : Gregorio Biasini 1780 - 81, Cesena
Date d'édition : 1780
Reliure : Hardcover
Edition : First edition.
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