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War and Underdevelopment: Volume 2: Country Experiences (Hardback)

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ISBN 10: 0199241880 / ISBN 13: 9780199241880
Edité par Oxford University Press, United Kingdom, 2001
Neuf(s) Etat : New Couverture rigide
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A propos de cet article

Language: English . Brand New Book. Wars, especially civil wars, are among the most serious causes of human suffering and underdevelopment. Yet economic analysis of developing countries at war is relatively rare. These volumes aim to reverse this neglect, tracing the economic and social consequences of conflict both theoretically and through empirical investigations, including seven country case studies. A major objective is to identify policies which may reduce the heavy human and economic costs. Volume One provides a general framework for the analysis, examines the political economy of countries at war, and provides an empirical overview of the costs of war for the poor countries worst affected by conflict. The approach is multidisciplinary: political and sociological analysis is needed in order to understand motivations and behaviour during conflict; while economic analysis is necessary to evaluate how poor people are affected. The analysis includes an investigation of how the international system, including food aid, affects the war economies, and identifies international as well as domestic policies which may reduce the human and economic costs of conflict. The subject is particularly important in view of the high incidence of wars in poor countries. Between 1950 and 1990, around 15 million deaths were caused (directly or indirectly) by war in developing countries. The end of the Cold War led to a transition to peace in many of the areas in which conflict had been fuelled by East-West antagonism, but new wars erupted. From 1989 to 1995, between 34 and 51 armed conflicts were waged each year, the great majority in poor developing countries. These volumes investigate economic and social consequences at macro-, meso- and micro- levels, aiming to identify the indirect costs (e.g. via inflation and reduced entitlements) as well as direct costs of military operations. The in-depth country case studies published in Volume Two (Afghanistan, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sudan and Uganda) are summarized in Volume One. These explore the main economic mechanisms operating during war and the policy responses of governments and international actors, showing how each can enlarge the costs and further fuel the conflicts. The large variations in this response and in the consequent costs point to domestic and international policies which can reduce the human and economic costs even before peace is restored. N° de réf. du libraire AAZ9780199241880

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Détails bibliographiques

Titre : War and Underdevelopment: Volume 2: Country ...

Éditeur : Oxford University Press, United Kingdom

Date d'édition : 2001

Reliure : Hardback

Etat du livre :New

Edition : UK ed..

A propos de ce titre

Synopsis :

This study presents a new, multi-disciplinary theory for explaining and predicting current and future patterns of women's choice between employment and family work. Preference theory is the first theory developed specifically to explain women's behaviour and choices. As such, it constitutes a major break from male-centred theorizing to date in sociology and economics. Preference theory is grounded on the substantial body of research on women's work and fertility that has flourished within feminist scholarship. It identifies five major historical changes that collectively are producing a qualitatively new scenario for women in prosperous societies in the 21st century. Throughout the analysis, the USA and Britain illustrate what the new scenario means for women and how it alters their preferences and work-lifestyles choices. The book also reviews research evidence on contemporary developments across Europe, Canada, Australia, Japan and the Far East to develop a new theory that is international in perspective.

About the Author:


Frances Stewart is Director, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford, and Professor of Development Economics and Fellow of Somerville College, University of Oxford Valpy Fitzgerald is Director, Finance Trade and Policy Centre, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford

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