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(17 1/2 x 12 inches). Mounted on guards throughout. Roll 1 (signed twice by J.Simon): 15 vellum sheets, the majority folded, with a total of 27 columns of text (with 9 original integral vignette bodycolour paintings), and 22 rectangular panels flanked on either side by a thick gold rule, each panel 4 1/2 inches wide and containing an original bodycolour painting of flowers with a single figure of a man (in 19 panels) or a bird (in 3 panels) - the men variously dressed in costume of the period and involved in various pursuits: hunting, cooking, fencing, playing a drum, etc. Roll 2 (signed once by J. Simon): 4 vellum sheets, 3 folded, with a total of 6 columns of text and 1 wide horizontal area also bearing text (with 5 integral vignette bodycolour paintings), and 6 rectangular panels (three thick panels approx. 5 3/4 inches wide; three thinner panels approx 3 3/4 inches wide) flanked on either side by a thick gold rule and each containing an original bodycolour painting of flowers with a single bird (in 4 panels); a bird and a snail (1 panel) or a bird, a butterfly and flowers (1 panel). 18th-century vellum over pasteboard, early manuscript title to spine Provenance: Louis-François Quarré-Reybourbon (Lille, Collection Quarré-Reybourbon 19th-century bookplate); Paul Anatole Auguste Marie Denis du Péage (Lille, 1874-1952, armorial bookplate) Important early collection of original botanical paintings celebrating wealth and status through a show of rare and expensive varieties of tulips and others exotic cultivars. Originally produced for the De La Broye family, this series was more recently in the collections of two of the foremost historians of Lille and its great families. Despite their obvious historical importance, the chief interest of these manuscripts to the modern eye is undoubtedly the exceptional illuminated panels that separate each column of text. The overall theme is floral: not wild flowers but the extremely expensive cultivated flowers that were coming to prominence at the beginning of the seventeenth century. This concentration on exotic blooms in the present manuscript was a deliberate attempt to link the De La Broye family with the opulence that these flowers implied. The most famous of these luxury plants was the tulip, and given the time and the place where these drawings were done it is no surprise to find various cultivars of the tulip predominating. It is interesting to note that all the varieties shown are of the most expensive bybloemen group. The courtly interest of the 1600s had by the 1620s become more widespread, and from 1634 to 1637 tulips, like the multi-coloured varieties pictured here, were the flowers which fuelled the tulipomania craze in the Netherlands. At its height, sums equal to the cost of a good-sized house on the waterfront in Amsterdam were gambled on single bulbs. These manuscripts form one of the earliest known collections of images of a significant number of different varieties of tulips: at least twenty are pictured, and although they are not identified, they form a rare and valuable record of the cultivars of the period. In addition to tulips, the images also include pinks, narcissi, irises, martagon lilies, roses and asters. The majority of images are further enlivened by the addition of what are possibly various members of the De La Broye family, all men, all dressed in costume of the period, and all undertaking worthy pursuits. These include a preponderance of military actions: firing a gun, on horseback with sword drawn, on foot with sword drawn, etc., but they are also shown hunting and cooking. All of these figures are placed at the foot of each panel and are worked to a completely different scale to the flowers. The panels without figures have birds or other animals added that are more in scale with the flowers around them. There is a further group of illustrations that are used to decorate the columns of text: a number of these appear to have been used to mask out areas of. N° de réf. du libraire
Titre : A bound collection of vellum sheets ...
Date d'édition : 1630
Reliure : Folio
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